Alexei Shchusev (Șciusev) (1873–1949)
Architect, art historian and theorist, member of the Academy of Arts of the Russian Empire, member of the USSR Academy of Sciences. He studied at Gymnasium No. 2 in Chisinau (1883-1891).
He designed the Kazan Railway Station in Moscow, the Sergei Radonevsky Memorial Church on the Kulikovo Plain, the iconostasis of the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Mother of God at Pecerska Lavra in Kiev, the Lenin Mausoleum in Moscow, the Opera and Ballet Theatre in Tashkent, etc.
After the Great Patriotic War he was also co-author of the urban plan of Moscow and several other cities in the USSR, including his native city of Chisinau.
Shchusev’s style is a synthesis of Russian imperial and Stalinist architecture.
Alexei Shchusev has been awarded the Stalin Prize four times, as well as the Order of Lenin.
A memorial plaque has been erected in Moscow in Alexei Shchusev’s honour on the house where he lived for 10 years. He was buried at the Novo-Deviciye cemetery in Moscow.
His former parental home in Chisinau now houses a museum. A street in the capital also bears his name.